Welcome to the Hurgada Excursion website. In this article, we will provide tourists with the Egyptian resorts of Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh, as well as Marsa Alam, with very useful information about the nature of the Red Sea, the most important marine creatures that live in it and their number, as well as the types and number of coral reefs, the most important types of sharks in the Red Sea, and the most important cruises in the red sea
The underwater ecosystem of the Red Sea is home to more than 300 species of coral and 1,200 species of fish, 10% of which are found nowhere else in the world. Spinner dolphins, dugongs, turtles, manta rays, and sharks are just some of the marine species that call these waters home. There are a number of reefs, islands, and coastal areas, which are protected areas and national parks.
The southern Red Sea is among the richest and most productive marine ecosystems, due in large part to its more than 250 kilometers of coastal coral reefs. The reef is supported by a broad reef flat or « back reef », which can extend up to 500 meters in some cases. Some reef areas feature lagoons and can offer limited recreational opportunities such as swimming, wading, or kite surfing. These reefs are sometimes divided by small « Marsas » and « Sharms » and also feature impressive reef topography such as swimming pools and tunnel systems. There are also several reef complexes that feature extensive coral gardens and valleys. Some of the reef complexes are considered the world’s best example of coral reef topography.
Coral reefs in the Red Sea cover an area of more than 1,500 km with associated ecosystems such as islands, mangroves, and swamps. This underwater ecosystem is home to more than 300 species of coral and 1,000 species of fish, 10% of which are found nowhere else in the world. Coral reefs are a delicate habitat that provides food and shelter for many organisms, which depend on the reef ecosystem for their survival. In this arid coastal region, these coral reefs are the lifeblood of this sensitive environment. Moreover, these precious resources generate an enormous amount of wealth through tourism. It is estimated, for example, that one meter of coral generates up to $300,000 in tourism revenue per year and one shark can generate up to $100,000.
types of fish
It is estimated that the abundant Red Sea fish population is over 800 species, 10% of which are found nowhere else in the world. This is by far one of the exclusive attractions of the Red Sea with countless colorful fish thriving. The abundance of corals allows young fish to grow and thrive into adulthood.
It is estimated that a single shark earns about $120,000 in tourism revenue each year. At the beginning of June of 2008, the rangers of the Red Sea conducted a 6-month study of the human impact on sharks at different diving sites in the Red Sea. These sites included Elphinstone Reef, Daedalus Reef, Big Brother Island, Small Brother Island, Zabargad Island, Rocky Island, and Habili Ali. In total, they spent 194 hours of field study and made 138 dives. 5 different species of sharks were found in 110 of these dives and a total of 292 specimens were recorded.
“The frequency of encounters at Elphinstone Reef is much lower than in other study areas. Human presence was recorded during almost all of the dives: 134 of a total of 138 dives, with a total of 971 boats and 15,601 divers. Both the mean number of divers and the average number of divers being considered Recorded boats per dive are higher for Elphinstone Reef than for other study sites. At Elphinstone Reef, a large amount of boats are also widely distributed over the entire area, making it impossible for sharks to avoid human presence. »
Human influences on the presence of sharks in diving sites south of the Red Sea, Egypt – Ahmed Mohamed Shawky, Alessandro de Maddalena
There are more than 10 species of sharks that are considered the habitat of the Red Sea,
oceanic white shark
coral tip black shark
white tip reef shark
The whale shark
Dolphins attract tourists to Egypt every year, but despite their popularity, they are still little known from a scientific point of view. Eight species are considered ordinary: the common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), the Indopacific Bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus), Spinner Dolphin (Stenella longirostris), Pantropical Spotted Dolphin (Stenella attenuata), Longbeaked Common Dolphin (Dephinus capensis capensis) ), ), humpback dolphin (Sousa chinensis) and Bryde whale (Balaenoptera edeni). Other elevated species are considered rare (Notarbartolo et al. 2007).
There are many locations in the southern Red Sea where dolphins congregate or live. Sammadai National Park, the most famous Satayah Reef, and both locations are home to spinner dolphins. It is very common to spot these beautiful creatures roaming the sea anywhere in the south. They are usually very playful and will get close as long as you keep your cool and respect the dolphins’ space.
It is estimated that the total number of dugongs is 4,000 in all of the Red Sea, with only 7 documented along the southern coast of the Red Sea. Dugongs are up to four meters long and can weigh up to 1,000 kilograms. Dugongs spend moose